Class d fire extinguishers are not used on any other class of fire. Stand 6 to 8 feet away from the fire use an extinguisher only if you have been trained to use it. Fire extinguishers article about fire extinguishers by the. Operating a fire extinguisher pull the pin to unlock the lever aim at the base of the. Do not allow the fire, heat, or smoke to come between you and your evacuation path. A brief introduction to fire extinguishers and fire types.
When used properly, portable fire extinguishers can save lives and property by putting out a small fire or containing it until the fire department arrives. The correct use of a fire extinguisher is invaluable to help stop small fires, or even to clear. Fire extinguishers can be heavy, so its a good idea to practice picking up and holding an extinguisher to get an idea of the weight and feel. There are three ways to consider the type of fire extinguisher. Open fire is defined as the burning of fuel such as propane gas, charcoal, paper, wood fuel used for pleasure, religious, ceremonial, cooking, warmth, or similar purposes. The extinguisher must be easily accessible and in good working order. An abc extinguisher will have a label like this, indicating that it may be used on class a, b and c fires. Fire extinguishers are for small fires in the early stages. Activate the buildings fire alarm system or call 911 to notify emergency services. Inhalation of fire extinguisher powder article pdf available in european journal of trauma 323. Such an ideal extinguisher has not been identified.
The information contained in this manual was obtained from the international fire. Sound the fire alarm and call the fire department, if appropriate. You dont want to mistakenly use a bc extinguisher on a class a fire, thinking that it was an abc extinguisher. Talking about the best fire extinguisher for each situation is essential in any fire safety training program. Move forward or around the fire area as the fire diminishes. Recommendations for colour coding to indicate the extinguishing media contained in portable fire extinguishers provides recommendations on colour coding of extinguishers standards are regularly updated and the current. You need to know what the ul ratings on a fire extinguisher mean so you know when you should and shouldnt use it. Angies listbrandon smith get quotes from up to 3 home builders. Selection of a fire extinguisher it is important to use the right kind class of extinguisher for the fire. The wrong type of extinguisher can be dangerous or life. Starting at the recommended distance, sweep the nozzle or hose from side to side until the fire is out.
Fire extinguisher ratings numeral fire class range direct index of the size fire the quantity of agent can handle 1a thru 40a a trash wood paper indication of the square foot area of flammable liquid the extinguisher will handle 1b thru 640b b liquids grease c electrical equipment no numeral is used because there are no degrees of. The extinguisher must be the right type for the fire. Before using a fire extinguisher, you should know how to properly select and operate one. Fire extinguisher requirements and references in the. Class d extinguishers are recommended on burning metal. Not all fires are the same, and they are classified according to the type of fuel that is burning.
Extinguishers are labeled to correspond to the classes of fires they are designed to fight. Nurse assistant training program skills checklist sample form. Safe use of fire extinguishers fire extinguisher safety dos and donts do. Fire safety and prevention for surgical nurses print version. Once the fire is out, carefully back away from the scene.
Dry chemical extinguishers put out fire by coating the fuel with a. According to the national fire protection association nfpa, fires can be diminished by the use of a. A properly mounted fire extinguisher should be at every exit and near the engine compartment. Pursuant to section 666a of title 42 of the united states code and california family. Fire extinguisher guide total fire safety fire safety. Class a fires involving ordinary combustibles such as wood, paper, cardboard, and most plastics. Enter a zip below and get matched to toprated pros near you. Also the type of fires it is appropriate and safe to use on. The federal portable fire extinguisher rule applies to the placement, use, maintenance, and testing of portable fire extinguishers provided for the use of employees. Each class of fire is designated by a letter andor a symbol. Fire extinguisher training yale emergency management. Sweep the extinguisher agent stream from side to side across the base of the fire until it is completely out. Research report manual fire extinguishing equipment for. Know the location of all telephones,emergency exits and fire extinguishers.
Basic fire extinguisher training course the information contained in this manual was obtained from the international fire service training association ifsta and the national fire protection association nfpa, and is used strictly for training purposes by the department of public safetys bureau of fire prevention. It must be of the proper type for the kind of fire you face. Launch your free online fire extinguisher training now. During the month of november, we are offering you the opportunity to take our fire extinguisher online class free of charge. Squeeze the operating lever to discharge the fire extinguishing agent. Fire extinguishers article about fire extinguishers by. Identify a safe evacuation path before approaching the fire.
Water and foam based extinguishers should not be used on fires involving an electrical. Class d extinguishing equipment is marked with a yellow. Fire extinguisher, portable or movable apparatus used to put out a small fire by directing onto it a substance that cools the burning material, deprives the flame of oxygen, or interferes with the chemical reactions occurring in the flame. In addition to correctly managing the fire triangle, the team should have a plan in place to ensure the team is competency validated in surgical fire risk prevention and management.
The wrong type of extinguisher can be dangerous or life threatening. Use the correct type of fire extinguisher for the job. Selection and positioning of portable fire extinguishers. When carrying out the annual service of fire extinguishers, service technicians should advise the. Using a fire extinguisher the following steps should be followed when responding to incipient stage fire. In the galley, an extinguisher should be mounted so you do not have to reach over the stove. Fire is the rapid oxidation of any combustible material. Portable fire extinguisher fire equipment manufacturers association. In all other fire extinguishers the pressure does not exceed 2 mnm 2. These are kept handy at places, namely fire points, in buildings, factories, public paces or transportation. Use of standard precautions gloving, gowning, applying masking 4. Fire extinguisher guide fire extinguishers are there only to fight small fires. Fires involving combustible metal powders, flakes or shavings.
The vessels of small fire extinguishers that use powders can be made of plastic. Get the service personnel to sign off all necessary documentation and ensure they explain what service work they are charging for. If you use the wrong type of fire extinguisher on the wrong class of. In the rest of this article, well present additional fire extinguisher steps to follow based on the assumption that youve already determined it is safe and appropriate for you to fight the fire and that a fire alarm has been triggered. Portable fire extinguishers for home use, however, are not designed to fight large or spreading fires.
Knowing the classes of fire will help you choose the appropriate extinguisher. Each team member must be vigilant to processes that will prevent surgical fires. The fire must be discovered in its incipient stage for the extinguisher to be effective. Fire extinguisher training edgerton fire protection district. The steel gas cylinders of carbon dioxide fire extinguishers are built for operating pressures of 15 meganewtons per sq m mnm 2, or 150 kilogramsforce per sq cm kgfcm 2. Only use a fire extinguisher when the fire is in its early stages you dont know what is burning. Complete the simple form below to immediately launch your complimentary online training course now. However, it was observed that water mist type extinguish.
The fact remains that in more than 600 businesses and nonresidential structures, fire extinguishers are the difference between a minor fire problem and destruction. Understanding fire extinguisher ratings angies list. Extinguishes by cooling burning material below the ignition point. Employers are generally required to provide portable fire extinguishing equipment in the workplace for use in fighting incipientstage fires. Fires started in electrical equipment by arching or overheating. Three components need all three components to start a fire fire extinguishers remove one or more of the.
Safe operating of fire extinguishers fire and rescue nsw. Used properly, a portable fire extinguisher can save lives and property by extinguishing a small fire or containing it until the fire department arrives. Fire extinguisher use it is important to know the locations and the types of extinguishers in your workplace prior to actually using one. Otherwise, evacuate everyone and wait for the fire department to extinguish the fire. In order for a fire extinguisher to provide optimal service to you in a fire emergency, four things are necessary. Choosing and using a fire extinguisher set of 25 recently updated, these pocket cards carry pictures of the main types of extinguishers, with information about their choice and use in the event of fire. Bs 53068 fire extinguishing installations and equipment on premises part 8. This results in a chemical chain reaction which starts a fire.
Know what to do if you find a fire be able to correctly and safely select and use a. Extinguishers used for these fires are identified by a green triangle with. Fire extinguisher locations fire extinguishers are located throughout the workplace and readily accessible in the event of a fire. Stay low when youre in a fire situation to avoid breathing smoke and vapors. Jul 20, 2017 the fact remains that in more than 600 businesses and nonresidential structures, fire extinguishers are the difference between a minor fire problem and destruction. Know what to do if you find a fire be able to correctly and safely select.
You can usually find them in hallways, laundry rooms, meeting rooms, kitchens, mechanicalelectrical rooms, and near exit doors. To provide an overview of fire extinguisher use and maintenance. Fire extinguishers are portable devices used to extinguish small fires or reduce their destruction before firefighters arrive at the scene. According to the national fire protection association nfpa, fires can be diminished by the use of a fire extinguisher. Listed below are the most common types of extinguishers and what fuel they are designed to extinguish. It is important to use the correct extinguisher for the type of fuel. Fire extinguisher handbook fire protection association. How a fire should be extinguished depends on the type of fuel that is feeding the fire. The material in a class d extinguisher is a foam product that puts out the fire by replacing the oxygen near it. In fact, osha states that a fire is the most common emergency that a business should prepare for. A fire extinguisher may be utilized to clear a safe path to an exit or shoot your way out of a building if you are trapped.
Portable fire extinguishers, however, are not designed to fight large or spreading fires. Information collection and accessprivacy statement social security number disclosure. However, they must be of the correct type for the particular fire, and they must be used correctly. This keeps your back to your escape route and an extinguisher ready near the likely sources of fire aboard. Fire extinguisher use guidelines rutgers university. Selection and positioning of portable fire extinguishers code of practice has been revised to bring it in line with changes in legislation and custom practice.
Never fight a chemical fire unless you have been specifically trained. The successful use of any type of fire equipment fire extinguishers, fire. If you use the wrong type of fire extinguisher on a fire, you can, in fact, make matters worse. Aug 22, 2018 fire extinguishers and their use guidelines. Also, ask if someone from your local fire department can be present to demonstrate how a fire extinguisher works.
Emergency standards portable fire extinguishers fire. A minimum of one portable fire extinguisher complying with section 906 with a minimum 4a rating or other approved onsite fire extinguishing equipment, such as dirt, sand, water barrel, garden hose or water truck, shall be available for immediate utilization. Fire extinguisher use fires are among the many hazards present at golf maintenance facilities. Involve class a or b fires created by electrical energy. A brief lesson on the classes of fire and how to use a fire extinguisher there are four classes of fires. Basic fire extinguisher training course public safety. There are a number of different types of portable fire extinguishers, each can be identified by the colour coding and labelling. Fires are classified by the types of materials that are burning. The successful use of a fire extinguisher depends on the following conditions. The class, quantity, and placement of fire extinguishers. Basic fire extinguisher training course the information contained in this manual was obtained from the international fire service training association ifsta and the national fire protection association nfpa, and is used strictly for training purposes by the department of public. Chubb fire limited originally published in international fire fighter magazinea portable fire extinguisher is a vital piece of potentially lifesaving.
If fire extinguishers are available for employee use, it is the employers responsibility to educate employees on the principles and practices of using a fire extinguisher and the hazards associated with fighting small or developing fires. Check that the extinguisher you intend to use is suitable for the type of fire encountered eg a water extinguisher must never be used on any fire involving electrical equipment. Dry chemical extinguishers put out fire by coating the fuel with a thin layer of dust, separating the fuel. Back away from the fire area to safety once the fire is out.442 44 777 644 291 1396 990 806 1378 1096 428 940 516 1017 1111 83 1096 1394 716 949 853 823 136 1390 1205 517 490 1294 472 631 392 1478 439